Filed under: General — russell @ 9:43 pm

The maintainers of Cywin pulled out the PHP4 modules from the distribution some time ago. When I got my new tablet I am now without an pc baed unix environment. Thought about using a virtual machine... but the thought of managing a 3G file was not that appealing. I have space but... meh

Either way trying to find out how to compile the PHP4 stuff for cygwin. Whew hard to find and I am not happy about it... I have wasted several hours trying to geth this to work. The problem is converting the shared libraries to dll's. No fun... but I found a fix...

Thanks goes out the owner of this Japanese site. The instructions here are good: http://discypus.jp/pukiwiki/pukiwiki.php?cmd=read&page=Cygwin%2Fapache%2Fphp

Special thanks goes to Andrew who posted in the cygwin mailing list -- I cannot agree more that this was very painful -- I followed the same course. Thanks Andrew: http://sources.redhat.com/ml/cygwin/2004-10/msg00502.html

Some extra notes:
- I needed Postgresql support also, and just had to add
"--with-pgsql" to the configure phase and a "-lpq" to the
libphp4.all.a library creation phase.
- Not guaranteed to work with any other options

$ grep -A20 '@ apache' setup.ini | grep require
requires: cygwin crypt libgdbm4
$ cygcheck -cd cygwin apache crypt libgdbm4
Cygwin Package Information
Package              Version
apache               1.3.29-2
crypt                1.1-1
cygwin               1.5.10-3
libgdbm4             1.8.3-7
$ cd /usr/local/src/php
$ tar jxvf php-4.3.8.tar.bz2
$ cd php-4.3.8
$ ./configure --with-apxs=/usr/sbin/apxs --without-mysql --enable-mbstring
creating cache ./config.cache
checking host system type... i686-pc-cygwin
creating main/internal_functions_cli.c
| License:                                                           |
| This software is subject to the PHP License, available in this     |
| distribution in the file LICENSE.  By continuing this installation |
| process, you are bound by the terms of this license agreement.     |
| If you do not agree with the terms of this license, you must abort |
| the installation process at this point.                            |
|                          *** NOTE ***                              |
|            The default for register_globals is now OFF!            |
|                                                                    |
| If your application relies on register_globals being ON, you       |
| should explicitly set it to on in your php.ini file.               |
| Note that you are strongly encouraged to read                      |
| http://www.php.net/manual/en/security.registerglobals.php          |
| about the implications of having register_globals set to on, and   |
| avoid using it if possible.                                        |
Thank you for using PHP

libphp4.so ------------ libphp4.dll --in-place
Make sure to change the references noted below of libphp4.so to libphp.dll so the install does what it is supposed to.

$ sed -i.org 's/libphp4\.so/libphp4.dll/g' Makefile
$ diff Makefile.org Makefile
$ make
Build complete.
(It is safe to ignore warnings about tempnam and tmpnam).
$ cd libs
$ ls
libphp4.a  libphp4.la

dll lresolv (=/lib/libresolv.a) whole-archive, --no-whole-archive

$ gcc -shared -o libphp4.dll -Wl,--out-implib=libphp4.dll.a \
-Wl,--export-all-symbols \
-Wl,--whole-archive libphp4.a /bin/cyghttpd.dll \
-Wl,--no-whole-archive -lcrypt -lresolv
Creating library file: libphp4.dll.a
Info: resolving _ap_user_id by linking to __imp__ap_user_id (auto-import)
Info: resolving _ap_group_id by linking to __imp__ap_group_id (auto-import)
Info: resolving _ap_user_name by linking to __imp__ap_user_name (auto-import)
Info: resolving _ap_max_requests_per_child by linking to __imp__ap_max_requests_
per_child (auto-import)
Info: resolving _ap_server_root by linking to __imp__ap_server_root (auto-import
Info: resolving _top_module by linking to __imp__top_module (auto-import)
$ ls
libphp4.a  libphp4.dll  libphp4.dll.a  libphp4.la


$ cd ..
$ make install
Installing PHP SAPI module:       apache
[activating module `php4' in /etc/apache/httpd.conf]
cp libs/libphp4.dll /usr/lib/apache/libphp4.dll
chmod 755 /usr/lib/apache/libphp4.dll
cp /etc/apache/httpd.conf /etc/apache/httpd.conf.bak
cp /etc/apache/httpd.conf.new /etc/apache/httpd.conf
rm /etc/apache/httpd.conf.new
Installing PHP CLI binary:        /usr/local/bin/
Installing PHP CLI man page:      /usr/local/man/man1/
Installing PEAR environment:      /usr/local/lib/php/
[PEAR] Archive_Tar    - installed: 1.1
[PEAR] Console_Getopt - installed: 1.2
[PEAR] PEAR           - installed: 1.3.2
Wrote PEAR system config file at: /usr/local/etc/pear.conf
You may want to add: /usr/local/lib/php to your php.ini include_path
[PEAR] DB             - installed: 1.6.2
[PEAR] HTTP           - installed: 1.2.2
[PEAR] Mail           - installed: 1.1.3
[PEAR] Net_SMTP       - installed: 1.2.3
[PEAR] Net_Socket     - installed: 1.0.1
[PEAR] XML_Parser     - installed: 1.0.1
[PEAR] XML_RPC        - installed: 1.1.0
Installing build environment:     /usr/local/lib/php/build/
Installing header files:          /usr/local/include/php/
Installing helper programs:       /usr/local/bin/
  program: phpize
  program: php-config
  program: phpextdist


LoadModule php4_module        lib/apache/libphp4.dll
AddModule mod_php4.c

/etc/apache/httpd.conf AddType

# Document types.
<ifmodule mod_mime.c>
   # for PHP 4.x
   AddType application/x-httpd-php .php
   AddType application/x-httpd-php-source .phps


  1. I have some updates for the latest CYGWIN check this post as well

    Comment by russell — 10/21/2005 @ 1:03 pm

  2. For things to work with my config (cygwin=1.5.21, apache=1.3.33, php=4.4) I needed a couple tweaks in the library section titled "dll lresolv (=/lib/libresolv.a) whole-archive, --no-whole-archive" ... The tweaks: (1) need cygwin package "minires" installed for the -lresolv to work, and (2) I don't have "/bin/cyghttpd.dll" so I used "/bin/libhttpd.dll"

    Comment by Stan — 9/28/2006 @ 1:17 am

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